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Can a Fish a Day Keep a Hip Fracture Away?

Can a Fish a Day Keep a Hip Fracture Away?


Recent research speaks to the potential benefits of a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids

Calcium is often cited as the key to healthy bones for older women, but a recent study conducted at Ohio State University suggests that omega-3 fatty acids might play an important role, as well.

The research analyzed red blood cells from two groups of women, who respectively had and hadn’t experienced broken hips in their lifetimes, to determine if omega-3s had any effect. Broken hips are the most common of fractures caused by osteoporosis. In the United States alone, there are 350,000 cases a year.

Said the study’s senior author, Rebecca Jackson, “Inflammation is associated with an increased risk of bone loss and fractures, and omega-3 fatty acids are believed to reduce inflammation. So we asked if we could see fractures decrease in response to omega-3 intake.”

While the research did not determine concrete cause and effect — and thus cannot confirm that more omega-3s in your diet will reduce your risk of hip fractures, the study did discover a promising pattern.

According to Tonya Orchard, the first author of the study, “Though it’s premature to make a nutrition recommendation based on this work, I do think this study adds a little more strength to current recommendations to include more omega-3s in the diet in the form of fish, and suggests that plant sources of omega-3 may be just as important for preventing hip fractures in women.”

Omega-3 rich foods include flaxseeds as well as fish.


Why is a Fractured Hip so Dangerous for Seniors?

A broken hip in elderly people is both common and painful. Because of weakening bones and the onset of medical issues such as osteoporosis or other ailments that limit mobility, seniors can become especially susceptible to breaking a hip as they age.

Learning about preventative measures can help to keep bones strong and decrease the risk of falling and becoming injured. Understanding treatment options and what to expect as a result of sustaining a hip fracture can also be helpful in minimizing pain and making a recovery as efficient as possible.


What is a stress fracture?

A stress fracture is a small crack, or severe bruising in a bone. They are a relatively common overuse injury in runners and over 80% of them occur in the legs of those affected. &ldquoThey occur when muscles become fatigued and are unable to absorb added shock. Eventually, the fatigued muscle transfers the overload of stress to the bone causing a tiny crack called a stress fracture,&rdquo according to Dr Matthew Oliver, Consultant Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgeon at Benenden Hospital, Kent.

According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, &ldquostress fractures occur most often in the second and third metatarsals in the foot, which are thinner (and often longer) than the adjacent first metatarsal. This is the area of greatest impact on your foot as you push off when you walk or run.&rdquo Stress fractures are also common in the heel, the ankle and the midfoot.

Jordan Metzl, a sports medicine physician at theHospital for Special Surgery in NewYork City, adds, "A stress reaction or a stress injury happens when the bone starts to swell inside. The worse the symptoms get and the longer you ignore them, the more likely it is to develop into a full-blown stress fracture."


Nexium And Other Heartburn Drugs Can Cause Hip Fractures

A study published in a recent edition of the Journal of the American Medical Association indicates that taking heartburn drugs like Nexium, Prilosec, or Prevacid for one year or longer can significantly increase the risk of experiencing a hip fracture in people over 50 years of age.

According to IMS Health, a corporation that tracks drug sales all over the world, Nexium is one of the most popular drugs in the world, second only to the cholesterol drug Lipitor. Sales of Nexium totaled $4.6 billion in 2005.

Clearly, millions of people who are currently taking Nexium, Prilosec, Prevacid, or any other drug in the same class of proton pump inhibitors need to carefully consider the decision to be on one of these drugs.

The authors of this study suggest that when proton pump inhibitors decrease the acid content of the stomach, the body may lose some of its ability to absorb calcium, which can potentially lead to weaker bones and teeth.

The study also indicates that another class of drugs that is used to suppress the discomfort of heartburn - known as H2 blockers - also poses a similar but smaller risk of paving the way to developing hip fractures. The most popular H2 blockers on the North American market are Tagamet and Pepcid.

Overall, the study took into account medical records of more than 145,000 patients in England. Those who used proton pump inhibitors for a year or more had a 44 percent higher risk of experiencing hip fractures compared to those who did not use one of these drugs the higher the dose, the higher the risk of developing a hip fracture.

Natural Ways To Decrease Heartburn

The following are dietary and lifestyle measures that I have found to be helpful for many cases of chronic heartburn:

    Eat in a way that minimizes gas production. Bloating from gas production can put pressure on and weaken the lower esophageal sphincter, which usually leads to heartburn. The keys to minimizing gas production are:

  • Don't overeat
  • Chew your food until liquid
  • Avoid foods that your digestive system simply cannot tolerate - dairy is a problem for many non-Caucasians

If your heartburn is being caused by a hiatal hernia (a condition where a portion of your stomach is pushing into your diaphragm and putting pressure on your esophagus), you may find the following article to be helpful:

Please share this article with friends or family members who are currently taking a drug for heartburn.


What is a hairline fracture?

Hairline or stress fractures are tiny cracks on a bone that often develop in the foot or lower leg. It is common for hairline fractures to occur as a result of sports that involve repetitive jumping or running.

Hairline fractures may also occur in the upper limb and are often related to falls or accidents.

Hairline fractures usually develop gradually as a result of overuse, as opposed to larger bone fractures or breaks that are mostly caused by acute traumas, such as a fall. While hairline fractures may heal with sufficient rest, they can be painful and last several weeks.

Anyone who engages in regular physical activity can develop a hairline fracture, especially if the activity involves repetitive movements that put a strain on a bone or a group of bones. The most common treatment approach is rest.

Fast facts on hairline fractures:

  • Hairline fractures can occur from overuse or repetitive activity.
  • They can be hard to notice, but a dull pain often develops over time.
  • Feelings of pain from light to moderate pressure can indicate a hairline fracture.
  • Pain may be reduced using common painkillers, such as paracetamol.

Share on Pinterest Continuous strain on a bone may cause hairline fractures.

Bones are rigid in maintaining their structure but have a degree of elasticity that allows them to react to specific movements.

This means that bones can bend slightly to absorb some of the impacts that activities such as running, jumping or walking have on the bone itself or its joint socket.

However, when strain is continuously placed upon a bone, over time, microscopic cracks, known as hairline or stress fractures, can develop.

For example, engaging in long-distance running will expose bones in the lower leg, ankle, and foot to a persistent level of strain that increases over time. Eventually, this stress can cause a hairline fracture to develop.

High impact sports entail the most significant risk of hairline fractures, including:

  • basketball
  • tennis
  • ballet
  • football or rugby
  • track and field sports
  • soccer
  • hockey

Hairline fractures can also develop as a result of sudden or disproportionate changes to the intensity, duration, frequency, or type of physical activity. It is important to remember that these injuries can occur regardless of physical fitness.

Certain factors are associated with an elevated risk of developing hairline fractures, these include:

  • Gender: Hairline fractures are more common in women, particularly those with irregular menstrual cycles.
  • Anatomical abnormalities: Some abnormalities can intensify the strain on particular bones, such as having flat feet or high arches. This can also be exasperated by low quality or worn out footwear.
  • Bone problems: Conditions that weaken bones, such as osteoporosis
  • Previous hairline fractures: A hairline fracture causes the bone to be more susceptible to fractures reoccurring
  • Diet imbalances: Weakened bones can develop from diets that lack nutrients essential to bone health, such as calcium or vitamin D, increasing the risk of hairline fractures occurring.

Symptoms are different from those of a more severe fracture or break when a person often feels a sharp pain immediately.

The pain from a hairline fracture will intensify when the person engages in activities that put a strain on the injured bone. This can inhibit a person’s mobility, which means they will be restricted as to how much weight they can put on the affected area.

Other symptoms may include:

A doctor will do a physical examination first, where they will assess the person’s reaction to pressure on the affected area.

A doctor may confirm the diagnosis using medical imaging techniques including:

Hairline fractures are easily dealt with, but medical attention should be sought immediately to prevent the injury from worsening.

Ignoring a hairline fracture can lead to a more serious fracture or break occurring, which is more difficult to treat.

If not treated or ignored, the hairline may not heal, resulting in a non-union fracture.

The majority of hairline fractures will heal by themselves if the person refrains from activities that put a strain on the affected area.

For the first 24 to 48 hours, a person can help the healing process by elevating the affected area and applying ice where possible. As the swelling decreases and the pain subsides over the first 2 weeks, it is helpful to reintroduce weight-bearing activities gradually.

Staying active helps to stimulate the recovery process, so non-weight bearing activities, such as swimming or cycling, are also encouraged. However, it is essential to avoid high-impact sports or activities that can worsen the injury during the recovery period.

A complete recovery will typically take between 6 to 8 weeks, after which full mobility should be restored.

In some cases, a doctor may recommend protective footwear, a splint, or the use of crutches to minimise strain placed on the fractured bone during movement. In rare cases, a hairline fracture can be severe enough to warrant surgery if it does not heal on its own.

Sometimes, hairline fractures can be difficult to prevent. For example, in those who engage in high impact sports or who have certain conditions, such as osteoporosis.


Junk and treasure [ edit ]

The fishing rod can occasionally catch treasure or junk instead of fish. A fishing rod without the Luck of the Sea enchantment has an 85% chance of catching fish, a 10% chance of catching junk, and a 5% chance of catching treasure. Each level of the Luck of the Sea enchantment increases the chance of catching a treasure at the expense of reducing the chances of catching fish and junk. The Luck status effect grants the equivalent result.

To catch items in the treasure category, the bobber must be in open water (This only applies to Java Edition). This is technically defined as the 5×4×5 vicinity around the bobber (2 blocks away horizontally, 2 blocks above the water surface, and 2 blocks deep). Each horizontal layer in this area must consist only of air and lily pads or water source blocks, waterlogged blocks without collision (such as signs or coral), and bubble columns. These conditions are checked every tick to determine if the player is eligible to receive treasure from a fishing attempt. If the conditions are not met, only items in the fish and junk categories can be obtained from fishing.

Catch possibilities outside Jungle biomes
Category Chance in category [note 1] Unenchanted
chance
LotS 1 LotS 2 LotS 3
Fish Weight 85% 84.8% 84.7% 84.5%
Raw cod 60% 51.0% 50.9% 50.8% 50.7%
Raw salmon 25% 21.3% 21.2% 21.2% 21.1%
Tropical Fish 2% 1.7% 1.7% 1.7% 1.7%
Pufferfish 13% 11.1% 11.0% 11.0% 11.0%
Treasure Weight 5% 7.1% 9.2% 11.3%
Bow [note 2] 16.7% ( 1 ⁄6) 0.8% 1.2% 1.5% 1.9%
Enchanted book [note 3] 16.7% ( 1 ⁄6) 0.8% 1.2% 1.5% 1.9%
Fishing Rod [note 2] 16.7% ( 1 ⁄6) 0.8% 1.2% 1.5% 1.9%
Name Tag 16.7% ( 1 ⁄6) 0.8% 1.2% 1.5% 1.9%
Nautilus Shell 16.7% ( 1 ⁄6) 0.8% 1.2% 1.5% 1.9%
Saddle 16.7% ( 1 ⁄6) 0.8% 1.2% 1.5% 1.9%
Junk Weight 10% 8.1% 6.1% 4.2%
Lily Pad 17% 1.7% 1.4% 1.0% 0.7%
Bowl 10% 1.0% 0.8% 0.6% 0.4%
Fishing Rod [note 4] 2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1%
Leather 10% 1.0% 0.8% 0.6% 0.4%
Leather Boots [note 4] 10% 1.0% 0.8% 0.6% 0.4%
Rotten Flesh 10% 1.0% 0.8% 0.6% 0.4%
Stick 5% 0.5% 0.4% 0.3% 0.2%
String 5% 0.5% 0.4% 0.3% 0.2%
Water Bottle 10% 1.0% 0.8% 0.6% 0.4%
Bone 10% 1.0% 0.8% 0.6% 0.4%
Ink Sac (10) 1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.04%
Tripwire Hook 10% 1.0% 0.8% 0.6% 0.4%
Catch possibilities in Jungle biomes [note 5]
Category Chance in category [note 1] Unenchanted
chance
LotS 1 LotS 2 LotS 3
Fish [note 6] Weight 85% 84.8% 84.7% 84.5%
Raw cod 60% 51.0% 50.9% 50.8% 50.7%
Raw salmon 40%‌ [ BE only ]
25%‌ [ JE only ]
34.0%‌ [ BE only ]
21.3%‌ [ JE only ]
33.9%‌ [ BE only ]
21.2%‌ [ JE only ]
33.9%‌ [ BE only ]
21.2%‌ [ JE only ]
33.8%‌ [ BE only ]
21.1%‌ [ JE only ]
Tropical Fish ‌ [ JE only ] 2% 1.7% 1.7% 1.7% 1.7%
Pufferfish ‌ [ JE only ] 13% 11.1% 11.0% 11.0% 11.0%
Treasure Weight 5% 7.1% 9.2% 11.3%
Bow [note 2] 16.7% ( 1 ⁄6) 0.8% 1.2% 1.5% 1.9%
Enchanted book [note 3] 16.7% ( 1 ⁄6) 0.8% 1.2% 1.5% 1.9%
Fishing Rod [note 2] 16.7% ( 1 ⁄6) 0.8% 1.2% 1.5% 1.9%
Name Tag 16.7% ( 1 ⁄6) 0.8% 1.2% 1.5% 1.9%
Nautilus Shell 16.7% ( 1 ⁄6) 0.8% 1.2% 1.5% 1.9%
Saddle 16.7% ( 1 ⁄6) 0.8% 1.2% 1.5% 1.9%
Junk Weight 10% 8.1% 6.1% 4.2%
Lily Pad 14.2% ( 17 ⁄120)‌ [ BE only ]
15.5% ( 17 ⁄110)‌ [ JE only ]
1.4%‌ [ BE only ]
1.5%‌ [ JE only ]
1.1%‌ [ BE only ]
1.2%‌ [ JE only ]
0.9% 0.6%
Bamboo 8.3% ( 10 ⁄120)‌ [ BE only ]
9.1% ( 10 ⁄110)‌ [ JE only ]
0.8%‌ [ BE only ]
0.9%‌ [ JE only ]
0.7% 0.5%‌ [ BE only ]
0.6%‌ [ JE only ]
0.3%‌ [ BE only ]
0.4%‌ [ JE only ]
Cocoa Beans ‌ [ BE only ] 8.3% ( 10 ⁄120) 0.8% 0.7% 0.5% 0.3%
Bowl 8.3% ( 10 ⁄120)‌ [ BE only ]
9.1% ( 10 ⁄110)‌ [ JE only ]
0.8%‌ [ BE only ]
0.9%‌ [ JE only ]
0.7% 0.5%‌ [ BE only ]
0.6%‌ [ JE only ]
0.3%‌ [ BE only ]
0.4%‌ [ JE only ]
Fishing Rod [note 4] 1.7% ( 2 ⁄120)‌ [ BE only ]
1.8% ( 2 ⁄110)‌ [ JE only ]
0.2%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
Leather 8.3% ( 10 ⁄120)‌ [ BE only ]
9.1% ( 10 ⁄110)‌ [ JE only ]
0.8%‌ [ BE only ]
0.9%‌ [ JE only ]
0.7% 0.5%‌ [ BE only ]
0.6%‌ [ JE only ]
0.3%‌ [ BE only ]
0.4%‌ [ JE only ]
Leather Boots [note 4] 8.3% ( 10 ⁄120)‌ [ BE only ]
9.1% ( 10 ⁄110)‌ [ JE only ]
0.8%‌ [ BE only ]
0.9%‌ [ JE only ]
0.7% 0.5%‌ [ BE only ]
0.6%‌ [ JE only ]
0.3%‌ [ BE only ]
0.4%‌ [ JE only ]
Rotten Flesh 8.3% ( 10 ⁄120)‌ [ BE only ]
9.1% ( 10 ⁄110)‌ [ JE only ]
0.8%‌ [ BE only ]
0.9%‌ [ JE only ]
0.7% 0.5%‌ [ BE only ]
0.6%‌ [ JE only ]
0.3%‌ [ BE only ]
0.4%‌ [ JE only ]
Stick 4.2% ( 5 ⁄120)‌ [ BE only ]
4.5% ( 5 ⁄110)‌ [ JE only ]
0.4%‌ [ BE only ]
0.5%‌ [ JE only ]
0.3%‌ [ BE only ]
0.4%‌ [ JE only ]
0.3% 0.2%
String 4.2% ( 5 ⁄120)‌ [ BE only ]
4.5% ( 5 ⁄110)‌ [ JE only ]
0.4%‌ [ BE only ]
0.5%‌ [ JE only ]
0.3%‌ [ BE only ]
0.4%‌ [ JE only ]
0.3% 0.2%
Water Bottle 8.3% ( 10 ⁄120)‌ [ BE only ]
9.1% ( 10 ⁄110)‌ [ JE only ]
0.8%‌ [ BE only ]
0.9%‌ [ JE only ]
0.7% 0.5%‌ [ BE only ]
0.6%‌ [ JE only ]
0.3%‌ [ BE only ]
0.4%‌ [ JE only ]
Bone 8.3% ( 10 ⁄120)‌ [ BE only ]
9.1% ( 10 ⁄110)‌ [ JE only ]
0.8%‌ [ BE only ]
0.9%‌ [ JE only ]
0.7% 0.5%‌ [ BE only ]
0.6%‌ [ JE only ]
0.3%‌ [ BE only ]
0.4%‌ [ JE only ]
Ink Sac (10) 0.8% ( 1 ⁄120)‌ [ BE only ]
0.9% ( 1 ⁄110)‌ [ JE only ]
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.03%‌ [ BE only ]
0.04%‌ [ JE only ]
Tripwire Hook 8.3% ( 10 ⁄120)‌ [ BE only ]
9.1% ( 10 ⁄110)‌ [ JE only ]
0.8%‌ [ BE only ]
0.9%‌ [ JE only ]
0.7% 0.5%‌ [ BE only ]
0.6%‌ [ JE only ]
0.3%‌ [ BE only ]
0.4%‌ [ JE only ]

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ↑ ab This does not vary depending on enchantments.
  2. ↑ abcd Bows and Fishing Rods caught from the Treasure category are enchanted at a random level between 22-30, but also badly damaged. Enchantment probabilities are the same as a level-30 enchantment on an enchanting table. These can also include treasure enchantments that are unavailable via an enchanting table.
  3. ↑ ab Enchantment probabilities are the same as a level-30 enchantment on an enchanting table, but the chance of multiple enchantments is not reduced. These can also include treasure enchantments that are unavailable via an enchanting table.
  4. ↑ abcd Fishing Rods and Leather Boots caught from the Junk category are 10%–100% damaged, and always unenchanted.
  5. ↑ This fishing loot can be caught only when the player is fishing in one of the following biomes: Jungle, Jungle hills, Jungle edge, Bamboo jungle, Modified jungle, Modified jungle edge & Bamboo jungle hills. The percentages for Unenchanted chance and Luck of the Sea of Junk item may be inaccurate.
  6. ↑ In Bedrock Edition, cod and salmon are the only fish that can be caught in jungle biomes and variants.

Five Ways to Find Relief from Hip Pain

Hip pain: Lots of people have it, but it&rsquos hard to define.

That&rsquos because pain from areas around the hip and even inside the abdomen can show up as pain in the hip. So can problems with the spine or knees. When pain from one area shows up in another, that&rsquos called &ldquoreferred pain,&rdquo and a lot of hip pain is referred.

Whatever the cause, hip pain is more common as you grow older. Over a lifetime, there&rsquos a lot of wear and tear on this strong joint. Women have hip pain more than men, but the reasons aren&rsquot clear.

How do you know what&rsquos causing your hip pain? Read on for help in homing in on what the pain in the hip is all about, what you can do to relieve it and when you should see your health care professional. You may see an orthopedic specialist.

What Causes Hip Pain?

Whether it&rsquos coming from the hip itself or somewhere nearby, hip pain could be caused by:

  • Fracture or other bone deformity caused by injury.
  • Deformity you were born with.
  • Bruising or inflammation of the muscles, ligaments and tendons around the hip area.
  • Arthritis and the loss of cushioning cartilage, which leads to bone rubbing on bone.
  • A pinched nerve, narrowing or a ruptured disk in your spine.
  • Hernia (a weakness in the abdominal wall that lets the intestine bulge out) or gynecological problems like endometriosis where the pain is &ldquoreferred&rdquo to the hip.
  • Infection, disease or cancer in the bone.

Figuring out the cause starts with the location.

Where&rsquos the Pain?

Pay attention to exactly where the pain seems to be. Is it inside the hip joint? Outside? In the groin? Thigh or buttocks? Does it stay there or radiate down your leg or into your buttock?

  • If the pain is inside your hip or groin, chances are the problem is in the hip joint.
  • Pain outside of the hip, in the upper thigh or butt, is more likely a sign of problems outside of the joint, in the muscles and soft issues.

What Should You Do About It?

If it&rsquos not from a fracture or a serious condition, most hip pain gets better with self-care. If the pain is not sudden or severe, try these steps:

  1. Rest and keep weight off your hip for a while. Avoid direct pressure on the hip such as bending, sitting or lying on that side.
  2. Try over-the-counter pain relievers like acetaminophen (Tylenol, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others) and naproxen sodium (Aleve).
  3. Apply cold packs to the hip (15 minutes several times a day) to reduce swelling and pain.
  4. Gentle exercise with low impact exercises like walking or swimming, stretching and resistance training can help with chronic hip pain from arthritis
  5. When you exercise, try a warm bath or shower to help the muscles stretch.
  6. Lose those extra pounds &mdash losing even 5 to 10 pounds can reduce hip stress and pain.

When To See a Doctor

If none of the self-care treatments gives you relief, see a health care professional. A primary care doctor is a good place to start, since the range of underlying problems is so wide.

Here's a resource to help guide you in the type of health care you should seek.

You should see a doctor right away if you fell or your hip gave way suddenly and it hurts to move or stand on the leg &mdash it might be a hip fracture. Pain that shoots down the leg might mean a ruptured disk in the spine. See your doctor if the pain is very bad or gets worse.

To resolve chronic hip pain, an orthopedic specialist may recommend:

  • Minimally invasive arthroscopic hip surgery to remove or repair problems in the joint.
  • Hip resurfacing surgery. This is most appropriate for young active patients.
  • Hip revision surgery. This can be appropriate for joint damage due to years of wear.
  • Hip replacement surgery. This approach may include a minimally invasive approach to address disabling joint pain.

If you have any questions about joint pain, see your health care professional. If pain remains chronic, pain management may be an option.


What causes lower back and hip pain?

When pain in the lower back occurs alongside hip pain, there may be a common cause. Certain health conditions or injuries can affect the nerves in both of these areas.

These pains usually occur as a result of overuse or injury, but they can also be a symptom of an underlying medical condition. People may notice the pain on the left or right side of the body or both.

In this article, we look at possible causes of lower back and hip pain. We also discuss the various treatment options and how to relieve pain.

Share on Pinterest Possible causes of lower back and hip pain include sprains, strains, and a herniated disk.

It is easy to overwork the lower back and hips because they are responsible for lifting, twisting, and moving the legs and trunk. Pains due to overuse and minor injury are common in these areas of the body.

Although these pains are common, people should not ignore them. Rest and early treatment can significantly improve a person’s outlook.

The causes are similar in males and females. The following are some of the most common causes of lower back and hip pain.

Sprains and strains are a common cause of pain around the back and hips. A sprain is a torn or overstretched ligament, while a strain is a torn or overstretched tendon or muscle.

People with sprains and strains are likely to experience discomfort that worsens with activity and gets better with rest.

Common causes of sprains and strains in this area include:

  • sports injuries
  • a fall or trauma
  • twisting the body in an awkward way
  • lifting something heavy

Playing a sport or engaging in other physical activity without warming up properly can contribute to muscle strain.

Damage to the ligaments, tendons, or muscles in the hip or lower back can cause:

  • muscle pain
  • muscle weakness
  • tenderness
  • swelling
  • reduced range of motion

People will usually find that their symptoms improve with a few days of rest.

Gentle stretching can speed up recovery. Applying a cloth-covered ice pack to the affected area for 10 to 15 minutes at a time can also help.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen and naproxen, can reduce the pain and swelling that these muscle injuries cause.

If these treatments do not reduce symptoms, the injury may be more serious, for example, a muscle tear. In this case, a person should see their doctor.

The hip flexors are muscles that extend from the hips to the knees. They are responsible for the range of motion in the legs and hips. If these muscles are stiff and tight, often due to remaining in a seated position for too long, a person may experience back and hip pain.

Hip flexor strains, which are strains in the hip flexor muscles, can also cause sharp pain in the back and hips.

Symptoms of tight hip flexor muscles include:

  • tenderness in the upper leg
  • muscle spasms in the hips or thighs
  • soreness in the hips and thighs

Some people may also experience a sense of weakness when trying to kick the leg or lift the knee toward the chest.

Physical therapy exercises and stretching can help relieve tight hip flexors and reduce discomfort. Examples include pulling the knee toward the chest or lunging one leg forward from a kneeling position to create a stretch in the hips.

Avoiding activities that can increase hip flexor tightness, such as sitting too long at a desk or wearing high heels for extended periods, can also help.

A herniated disk occurs when one of the cushioning disks between the vertebrae slips out of place. The disk can put pressure on a nearby nerve, which may cause tingling and burning pain in the lower back that extends to the hips and legs.

Older adults are prone to herniated disks because of the natural wear and tear of the spine that occurs over time. The disks also become less flexible with age.

Common causes of a herniated disk include:

  • improper lifting or twisting while lifting
  • a fall or trauma
  • being overweight
  • repetitive strain on the back
  • driving for long periods
  • smoking

Symptoms of a herniated disk include:

    , or a sharp, shooting pain from the buttocks down the back of one leg
  • numbness in the leg or foot
  • muscle weakness in the leg or foot

In severe cases, people may experience a loss of bowel and bladder function. If this occurs, they should go to the hospital or call 911 right away.

The treatment for a herniated disk involves relieving pain and discomfort while it heals. Bed rest will usually help relieve the pain too.

Other treatment options include:

  • physical therapy exercises
  • taking NSAIDs to relieve pain and inflammation
  • epidural steroid injections, which involve injecting corticosteroids into the epidural space containing the inflamed nerves

In severe cases, a doctor may recommend surgery to correct a herniated disk.


How do These Drugs Work?

NSAIDs are mostly COX-1 and slightly COX-2 inhibitors. COX stands for cyclooxygenase, an enzyme that produces prostaglandins. These are fatty-acid derivatives located all over the body that react to immune and inflammatory conditions. COX-1 also protect the stomach by producing mucus and increasing the production of sodium bicarbonate, maintain blood flow and kidney function, and process sensations.

So COX-2 inhibitors were developed as a more targeted prescription drug that would spare the stomach lining from damage. In fact, drugs like Celebrex (celecoxib) and the infamous Vioxx and Bextra entered the market as a ‘safer’ NSAID replacement, but with disastrous results. You might recall that Vioxx was voluntarily withdrawn from the market in September 2004 by Merck, its manufacturer. Less than one year later, Bextra was black-listed as well.


The results from feeding our DIY dog food

After only a couple of weeks of feeding her a homemade diet, the hubby and I were blown away by how much her mental and physical health improved. And we wholeheartedly believe she was able to bounce back because of her new food.

She went from an ailing, exhausted, incontinent, tail-down dog to a happy, energetic, curious, communicative pup. While she isn’t miraculously walking again, her hip dysplasia also hasn’t progressed or caused her any pain.

We’ve learned to watch for signs that she needs to relieve herself (by the way she barks or sits) as we’ve realized she knows when she has to go, she just can’t get there without our help.

We feed both of our pugs the same food, with the hope that we can stave off any potential health problems for our older one.

When we travel, we’ll bring their homemade food on the road in a cooler. On occasion, we’ve even ordered their dinner from a restaurant when we ran out of food (a beef patty, steamed veggies, and scrambled eggs can be found almost anywhere).

If we’re camping, we’ll usually just feed them whatever we’re cooking in camp — they love corn on the cob, hobo packs (vegetables cooked in foil packets), and the whole assortment of tri-tip, sausages, and ribs that we’ve usually got going on.

Homemade dog food gives us the flexibility to fine-tune their diet as needed. I’m forever grateful for the extra time we were given with our beloved Bug as a result of the food we chose to feed her.

Since the switch to a homemade diet several years ago, neither of our pugs has suffered from their previous issues no dermatitis, no weight gain, and no urinary tract infections. They’ve slowed down in their old age, but their spirits are still as young as can be.

Update: This article originally appeared on July 14, 2014. Bug was euthanized at home in June 2017, at 14 years old, after fighting the good fight with her joint disease.

Chinki died in her sleep from natural causes in March 2018 at the grand old age of 16 years “young”! Both pugs thrived on homemade dog food well into their senior years.


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